Mihaela Baroni and
Mike Steel. Accumulation Phylogenies. In ACOM, Vol. 10(1):19-30, 2006.
Keywords: abstract network, from clusters, from distances, phylogenetic network, phylogeny, polynomial, reconstruction, regular network.
"We investigate the computational complexity of a new combinatorial problem of inferring a smallest possible multi-labeled phylogenetic tree (MUL tree) which is consistent with each of the rooted triplets in a given set. We prove that even the restricted case of determining if there exists a MUL tree consistent with the input and having just one leaf duplication is NP-hard. Furthermore, we show that the general minimization problem is NP-hard to approximate within a ratio of n 1-ε for any constant 0<ε≤1, where n denotes the number of distinct leaf labels in the input set, although a simple polynomial-time approximation algorithm achieves the approximation ratio n. We also provide an exact algorithm for the problem running in O *(7 n ) time and O *(3 n ) space. © 2009 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg."